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Home News Here are the 6 most exciting space missions of 2021

Here are the 6 most exciting space missions of 2021

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This will consist of an uncrewed Orion spacecraft which will be sent on a three-week flight around the Moon.

Artemis 1 will be launched into Earth orbit on the first NASA Space Launch System, which will be the most powerful rocket in operation.

The Orion capsule will then travel to the Moon under the power provided by a service module supplied by the European Space Agency (Esa).

The mission will provide engineers back on Earth with a chance to evaluate how the spacecraft performs in deep space and serve as a prelude to later crewed lunar missions.

The launch of Artemis 1 is currently scheduled for late in 2021.

It is scheduled to arrive in Mars orbit on February 9, where it will spend two years monitoring the Martian weather and disappearing atmosphere.

Arriving within a couple of weeks after Al Amal will be the China National Space Administration’s Tianwen-1, consisting of an orbiter and a surface rover.

The spacecraft will enter Martian orbit for several months before deploying the rover to the surface.

The mission has several objectives including mapping the mineral composition of the surface and searching for sub-surface water deposits.

Critically, it will also store a cache of Martian surface samples on board as the first part in a highly ambitious international program to return samples of Mars to Earth.

In March 2021, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to launch its third lunar mission: Chandrayaan-3.

Chandrayaan-1 launched in 2008 and was one of the first major missions in the Indian space program.

Comprising an orbiter and a surface penetrator probe, the mission was one of the first to confirm evidence of lunar water.

Sadly, there was a similar mishap with its successor, Chandrayaan-2, which consisted of an orbiter, a lander (Vikram), and a lunar rover (Pragyan).

Artist depiction of the Chandrayaan-2 lunar mission from India.

It will consist of only a lander and rover, as the previous mission’s orbiter is still functioning and providing data.

James Webb Space Telescope .

The James Webb Space Telescope is the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, but has had a rocky path to being launched.

Initially planned for a 2007 launch, the Webb telescope is almost 14 years late and has cost roughly US$10 billion (£7.

Whereas Hubble has provided some amazing views of the universe in visible and ultraviolet region of light, Webb is planning to focus observations in the infrared wavelength band.

The primary mission of Webb is to look at light from galaxies at the edge of the universe which can tell us about how the first stars, galaxies, and planetary systems formed.

Potentially this could include some information about the origin of life as well, as Webb is planning on imaging exoplanet atmospheres in high detail, searching for the building blocks of life.

Webb is currently scheduled to launch on an Ariane 5 rocket on October 31.


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